Website References

“The extraordinary development that occurs from birth to age 5 forms the bedrock for lifelong health, intellectual ability, emotional well-being, and social functioning.”

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development. (2000). From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development. Retrieved from:

“Early Childhood is a smart investment, leading to a 13% ROI.”

García, J., Heckman, J., Leaf, D., and Prados, M. (2017). Quantifying the Life-cycle Benefits of a Prototypical Early Childhood Program. Retrieved from:

“The learning gap is evident by third grade and only 15% of school districts nationwide can produce enough academic growth in a year to close it by high school graduation.”

Regenstein, E. (2022). Education Restated: Getting Policy Right on Accountability, Teacher Pay, and School Choice. Retreived from:

“Children in high quality early childhood environments are four times more likely to graduate from high school or college, enabling them to fill our future workforce needs.”

The Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2012). Double Jeopardy: How Third Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation. Retrieved from: